Where is Venezuela located? Arab News


Where is Venezuela located? Some people often ask is Venezuela a poor country? In fact, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is rich in natural resources and underground wealth, particularly oil, gas, iron ore, coal, steel, gold, bauxite, and diamonds. However, life in Venezuela is very difficult as it suffers from many crises, in terms of security and stability, high unemployment and extreme poverty rates, as the majority of its residents live in slums and slums, which are a hotbed of crime, gangs, and drug dealers, and in In this article, we will learn where Venezuela is located on which continent? Is Venezuela an Islamic country? and other information.

Where is Venezuela located?

Venezuela is located on the map in The northernmost part of the continent of South America, at 8°N latitude and 66°W latitude, on the northern coast of the Caribbean Sea.. It is also bordered by Brazil to the south, Colombia to the west, and to the east it is bordered by Guyana and the Atlantic Ocean. While it was discovered in 1498 AD, by the traveler Christopher Columbus. The explorers Amerigo Vespucci and Alonso de Ojeda also called it (Venezuela), when they reached the Guajira Peninsula, when they were drawn to the villages of the Plavitos built on the water. Vespucci reminded me of the city of Venice in Italy (Venice), so I call the region Venezuela, a diminutive of Venice. While one of the members of the Vespucci and Ojeda team, Martin Fernandez de Inciso, stated in his book Soma de Geography, that the name belongs to the indigenous people of the region from tribes called Venezuela, while the area of ​​Venezuela is estimated at about 916,445 square kilometers. [1] [2]

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Venezuela climate

Venezuela is located in several different climatic aspects, where temperatures vary according to mountainous or tropical regions, due to the diversity of terrain, wind speed and altitude above sea level. We also distinguish a rainy season, which extends from the month of May, and continues until the beginning of January. As well as the dry season, which starts from the month of December, and extends to the month of April. It is further divided into the following areas: [2] [3]

  • Areas with altitudes between 800-1000 meters: Its climate is tropical, with temperatures ranging between 26 and 28 degrees Celsius.
  • Areas that are between 200-800 meters high: Its climate is temperate, with temperatures ranging between 12-25 degrees Celsius.
  • And areas that are between 1000-2000 meters high: Its climate is characterized by cold, with temperatures ranging between 9 and 11 degrees Celsius.
  • As for areas at an altitude of 3000 meters and above: The temperatures are below 8 degrees Celsius. It is also covered with snow.

Information about Venezuela

After we know where Venezuela is located, we present below several information related to this country, as follows: [1] [2] [3] [4]

  • Venezuela’s 2021 population is estimated to be around 30 million. The average life expectancy of the population is estimated at 72 years for men, while it is estimated at 78 years for women. Also, its population density is estimated at about 30 people per square kilometer. As for their ancestry, they descend from Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, African, and indigenous ethnicities. While the number of descendants of Arab descent is estimated at about 1,600,000 million people. Projections indicate that by 2050, the population of Venezuela may exceed 37 million.
  • Venezuela’s environments are diverse, giving it a charming nature that varies between tropical forests and the northern Andes mountains. It also includes Lake Maracaibo, the most prominent and largest lake in South America. It also includes Angel Falls, the greater part of the Orinoco River basin, and its vast plains.
  • The official language of Venezuela is Spanish. In addition to the languages ​​of the local people.
  • The current President of Venezuela is Nicolás Maduro, who took office in April of 2013.
  • The religion of Venezuela is Catholic Christianity, and Protestantism, and some local religions, are spread there.
  • Venezuela’s currency is the bolivar. The exchange rate of Venezuela’s currency against the US dollar is estimated at around 4.5 bolivars. While the Venezuelan bolivar against the Saudi riyal is equal to about 1.1662 bolivars.
  • Venezuela is divided into 23 states and federations, and includes a large number of islands. Venezuela also claims the territory of Guyana Esquipa, which includes 6 suburbs in the independent state of Guyana.

Tourism in Venezuela

Venezuela is located in South America, and is characterized by its strategic location overlooking the Caribbean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and embraced by the Andes Mountains. There are also many tourist sites that attract tourists, including: [2] [3] [4]

  • Caracas: It is the capital and largest city of Venezuela, and is the center of industry, commerce, culture and economy in the country. And it has many resorts, hotels, archaeological and tourist sites.
  • Margarita Island: It is located in the most beautiful and most beautiful beaches on the Caribbean Sea. There are also many luxury hotels and restaurants.
  • Los Llanos: This area occupies 40% of the area of ​​fields and green pastures in Venezuela.
  • Angel Falls: Which exceeds the height of about 978 meters. It is the largest and highest waterfalls in the world.
  • Kanima National Park: Inscribed on the UNESCO list, among conservation sites aIt is the largest natural park in the world, with an estimated area of ​​30,000 square kilometers. Where it extends to the border with Brazil.
  • Valencia city: It is characterized by the cleanliness and beauty of its streets, high-end neighborhoods, and many historical museums. It is characterized by its modern and contemporary architecture.
  • Barquisimeto city: Nicknamed the city of twilight, for the beauty of sunset hours, and the capital of music.
  • Central University: It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The Capitolio, the Paralte Theatre, the Teresa Carreno Cultural Complex, and the General Rafael Bridge.

Venezuela’s economy

Venezuela is located in a region rich in resources and wealth, as it is the second country in the world, in terms of gold deposits in its mines. Its economy depends mainly on oil stocks, as it has the largest reserves in the world, estimated at about 300.878 million barrels, followed by Saudi Arabia, with a total estimated at about 266.455 million barrels. Venezuelan oil is characterized by its high viscosity and its proximity to export ports, while Venezuela exports about 98% from him. In fact, the first commercial oil well was drilled in the Maine Grande field, which is located on the eastern bank of Lake Maracaibo, and pumping oil from it began in 1914 AD. Most of the Venezuelan oil wells are located in the Orinoco belt, and studies indicate that the volume of oil reserves, expected to be extracted from the belt, is estimated at 652 billion barrels. It should also be noted that the annual global consumption of oil is about 35 billion barrels. In other words, the oil discovered in the Orino belt, is sufficient for global consumption over thirty years. Among the most important exports are gas, steel, and chemical industries, and agricultural crops include rice, bananas, coffee, cocoa, and sugar cane.[3] [4]

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Venezuela today

Given that Venezuela is located in Latin America, in recent years, poverty rates in rural areas have recorded high levels, and this has been helped by several reasons, including: [4]

  • Society’s inability to secure basic needs, as a result of the high dependency rate.
  • Poor market access. Not to mention the lack of guidance services, and the deterioration of public facilities and infrastructure. Especially in the countryside, which suffers from power outages, and water networks.
  • Venezuela has the highest rate of national inflation in the world.
  • The Venezuelan government placed its total dependence on the oil supplier only, which restricted it to the world oil price. And deprived it of investments in other sectors.
  • The need to rely on local food sources and, in turn, reduce food imports.
  • Arid soils, water scarcity, and the phenomenon of climate change are among the factors of vulnerability and decline in agricultural productivity.

From all of the above, we have made it clear Where is Venezuela located? The most urbanized country in Latin America. Which is famous for receiving the largest number of beauty contest awards. It has also witnessed in recent decades, due to the rise in global oil prices, remarkable economic growth, which was reflected in the decrease in the poverty rate in the country from 50% in 1998 AD to 30% in 2013 AD. However, despite the very high cost of living in Venezuela, and the instability, it did not limit immigration to Venezuela from poorer neighboring countries, who are looking for job opportunities in Venezuela. Especially in mines, and oil fields.

the reviewer

  1. ^
    worldatlas.com , Maps Of Venezuela 05/04/2022
  2. ^
    britannica.com , Venezuela 05/04/2022
  3. ^
    infoplease.com , Venezuela 05/04/2022
  4. ^
    ifad.org , Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 05/04/2022
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